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We have to be especially careful with children and ticks, especially during vacations, field trips and contact with animals.
Although in most cases the consequences are mild, in children, more conducive to playing outdoors and getting close to animals, bites can lead to infections and serious problems even causing paralysis of his body.
Ticks are external parasites, arthropods of the arachnid family. They have eight legs and feed on the blood generally of animals such as dogs or cats, although from them can happen to man.
They may also hide in vegetated areas such as tall grass or bushes, as well as in humid areas. That is why most bites occur in spring and summer, with June and July being the months of greatest activity for these parasites.
Tick bites can cause inflammation and redness of the affected area, rash, fever, weakness, headaches, joint and muscle aches, and stiff neck.
In some cases, the toxin that the saliva of some ticks may contain can affect the nervous system causing paralysis in children after several days have elapsed since the bite occurs, starting with the lower extremities and working upwards, and can lead to respiratory complications. It is usually cured by properly removing the parasite.
Like any other insect bite, tick bites can also be prevented by following these tips:
- If we have pets at home, it is convenient to have them dewormed and monitor them after taking them out for a walk.
- When we go out to fields with tall grasses, it is advisable to dress children in long sleeves and pants.
- It is advisable to use repellants before going out to the field.
- Children should be checked when they get home to see if any ticks have bitten them. The areas of the body where they usually seek shelter are usually the armpits, the groin and the neck.
Despite preventive measures, obviously there is always the possibility that a tick will bite our child. What can we do at that time ?:
- It is convenient avoid crushing it.
- Try to extract it whole with tweezers pulling with force but without making movements to prevent it from penetrating deeper into the skin or the head from staying inside.
- Clean the sting area and apply ice to relieve itching.
- Store the tick in a bag and go to the pediatrician.
You can read more articles similar to The Danger of Tick Bites in Children, in the First Aid On Site category.