Before you start specifying exercises and activities to stimulate language in children 1 to 2 years it is important to ask ourselves what exactly language is. Understanding it can help us work on it in greater detail.
We use the language term usually, but this is a much more complex concept than it seems. First of all, it is important to distinguish and define its two subtypes: expressive language and comprehensive language.
Talking about language would be similar to talking about a great store of concepts, ideas and meanings that children are storing and organizing from the moment of birth as if it were a library. From this library, we find the ability to listen, order and add new ideas (comprehensive language) or the ability to express and communicate them (expressive language).
Before understanding stories or stories, there are many other comprehensive language samples that we can get to work with with the little ones in the house, such as the naming of words or even onomatopoeia. But how can we promote them ?:
When remembering words is still a complex act, we can always use simple words that refer to sounds like woof-woof, meow-meow, yum-yum, etc.
- Pointing out
With the help of pictures, stories or any type of image, we can ask them and ask them to point out certain objects, colors or animals. It is an excellent way to know what vocabulary you have already acquired.
When faced with new words, we can always suggest that they choose between two options, one known and one unknown. For example, 'Where is the motorcycle?', Giving a choice between a motorcycle and a car, the known car and the motorcycle being a possible new vocabulary.
With the help of images or albums we can ask them to indicate certain concepts, for example, 'Where are the animals?' or 'What can you eat?' or 'What is very big?'
Before the appearance of words and phrases, there are many other samples of expressive language that we can get to work, such as the look, the gestures or the sounds. Here are some ideas for moms and dads to work on at home.
- looking at them
Whenever we are communicating or playing with them, it is important to look at them, it would even be advisable to bend down until we are at the same height. Eye contact is an essential first task for good communication.
Whenever we have to explain something to them, it is recommended that we help ourselves with gestures with our arms or with facial expression, which they too then imitate to express themselves.
- Calling by phone
Often their first productions will be incomprehensible, but it is important to encourage them and follow the conversation, for example, by simulating a phone call or any conversation.
- Imitating sounds
If the imitation and repetition of words is still something complex for them, it is also possible to play to imitate isolated sounds, both that they initiate and that we initiate. From a fart to a babble (ba-ba-ba) can be very useful.
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