Many parents worry that their child may have a speech problem, wondering when should they say their first words? Everything depends on the evolution of each child, although as a general rule, all babies follow a similar evolution.
The first thing will be the development of the organs involved in the ability to speak. Then there will be the stage of imitation and babbling and later, the first words.
In order for the baby to speak, he needs the organs involved in speech to develop.
1. Larynx: at birth it is a third of its adult size. It is located in the upper part of the neck, as the baby grows it is descending. Before this happens it is located below the oral cavity in the pharynx.
2. Vocal chords: They are membranes that fold in the larynx where they receive air currents.
3. Tongue and lips: These cavities are what provide the quality and personal resonance of each voice.
4. Verbal sounds: the first time the baby exercises its vocal cords is by crying after delivery. The first few weeks is the only sound it will make, but parents will begin to distinguish the different types of crying. Each cry has a different tone and volume
The baby's need to babble in the first months is innate, however their need to babble a spoken language is learned by imitation
- Construction of vocabulary: By fifteen months the baby knows 19 words and near his second birthday he is able to pronounce between 200 and 300. With these words he can form primary sentences using verbs, pronouns and plurals. It all depends on the baby, his development and his stimulation.
- Babbling: the baby makes sounds that we parents imitate, it is beneficial for the baby as it helps him recognize familiar sounds and words. The first year they learn by imitation, so once the year is over we must speak well to the baby to provide a variety of sounds
Oral communication includes two different elements, listening to sounds and reproducing them, the baby is always better at hearing sounds than reproducing them
- Hear: Even in the womb, the 6 or 7 month old fetus is already able to perceive sounds from the outside world. When a baby is born and differentiates the mother's voice from the others.
- Babble: The sounds your baby makes go through a series of stages throughout the first year. With only 1 or 2 months, the baby discovers that he can babble by pushing his tongue slightly by the lips and closing them, in this way he begins to investigate and know his mouth and his tongue emitting different sounds.
- Coo: at 3 months the babbling is already loud and he discovers his ability to produce sounds. At first it only produces grunts and noises but soon it begins to pronounce the first vowels “ooohh” “aaah”….
- Advanced babbling: At 6 months, babbling reaches its maximum potential, it is so much fun that even with the baby, it just keeps babbling delighted. The baby makes monosyllabic sounds by joining consonants and vowels. These sounds are emissions yet without meaning.
You can read more articles similar to From what age does a baby begin to speak, in the category of on-site development stages.