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The formation of urine is a very complicated strategy, but as necessary as eating or breathing. Being a process full of phases and stages, many different problems can arise. This time, from Guiainfantil.com We are going to talk about a topic that, surely, you have heard on some occasion: loss of calcium in the urine in children, a pathology that can affect 5 out of every 100 children.
The loss of calcium in the urine It can be hereditary, although this is not always the case. The easiest way to control it is through a careful diet that includes a lot of water, more fruits and abundant oily fish and in which, on the contrary, salt, precooked foods, dairy products and theine are limited. Physical exercise is also very important.
If these measures do not work, then a treatment will be established by the pediatrician or nephrologist. But, How to know if the child suffers from loss of calcium in the urine? If you have doubts, take note of these 6 signs that can warn of this pathology.
1. Kidney stones
Stones - doctors refer to them as renal lithiasis or urinary stones - can generate, in their movement through the urinary tract, small superficial wounds that tend to bleed. Therefore, parents notice the emission of urine with blood. In addition to this fact, the urinary tract obstructed by the stone becomes distended, and this fact generates pain, irritability and vomiting.
2. Increased volume of urine
Another symptom that causes parents to worry is the times that the child goes to the bathroom and the large amounts of urine that he emits.
3. Predisposition urinary infections
Increased calcium in the urine can aggregate and form precipitates, to which some bacteria attach with some ease. Secondary to the infection, the urinary tract can become inflamed, causing itching, frequent urination or pain in the lower abdomen, among other discomforts.
4. Insufficient mineralization of bones
As the losses of calcium in the urine are increased, to maintain homeostasis, the body resorts to using the calcium present in the bones. And when the calcium in the bones runs out, they are especially fragile and vulnerable.
5. Significant nocturnal bone pain
Notice how curious, when the bone loses the mineral layer, the body reacts and makes the bone matrix grow (its non-mineral part). This growth occurs, above all, at night.
Sometimes, but not always, these children have trouble falling asleep. Many times due, above all, to the inconveniences that we have mentioned above.
Your GP will ask you for a series of tests. Specifically, a blood test (hemogram, biochemistry, ions, blood gas) and a urine analysis (where, in addition, the elemental analysis, the amount of calcium, uric acid, ions and creatinine will be evaluated). If he notices significant alterations, he will refer your child to a pediatric nephrologist.
He child nephrologist will put the name and surname of the exact cause of what happens to your child. Summarizing as much as possible, we can group the causes into:
- When there is no hypercalcemia (high levels of calcium), the existence of problems in the renal tubule (Fanconi syndrome, cystinosis, renal tubular acidosis), Wilson's disease or metabolic acidosis should be suspected.
- If there is hypercalcemiaWe must suspect vitamin D poisoning, an excessive dairy diet, or a condition called idiopathic hypercalciuria.
In short, as a parent, you should be aware of the possible clinical manifestations of your child. If you suspect a increased urine calcium loss, you must contact your pediatrician. And, if he considers it, he will refer you to the kidney specialist.
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