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Week by week pregnancy is entering its final stretch. You are in the 30th week of pregnancy and there are only 10 weeks to go to your due date. Important changes continue to take place both in the baby growing inside you and in your body.
The advantage of following the pregnancy week by week is that it allows you to take better care of yourself in a timely manner. From the thirty week of pregnancy you should think about what you eat to avoid burning, gas and other abdominal discomfort and avoid fluid retention that can cause edema in the ankles, hands and face.
By the 30th week of pregnancy, the uterus measures about 30 cm from the symphysis pubis (10 cm above the navel). The normal thing is that you have gained between 11 and 15 kilograms so far.
It is important that you reduce your salt intake, to avoid retaining fluids and swelling your ankles, hands and face. In any case, due to the alteration of the venous return, a slight swelling of the ankles at the end of the day is normal, especially in hot months or after standing for many hours.
In the pregnancy week 30 You will notice that the hips and pelvis begin to expand to make more room for the growing baby. You will be upset when your baby kicks you in the ribs and diaphragm, matching your sitting position. Stand up to feel more relieved, the discomfort will pass when the baby moves down.
Due to the pressure of the baby's head on the bladder you will feel an urgent need to urinate and more and more often. Sometimes streams of urine can leak out when you laugh, sneeze, or cough. It is important that you begin to exercise your pelvic muscles, with Kegel exercises, which will help you a lot in the face of childbirth.
You should know that if everything passes normally, visits to the gynecologist up to 36 weeks of pregnancy are made every 4-6 weeks.
By week 30 of pregnancy, your baby already weighs about 1,350 grams and measures about 38 cm from head to toe. His appearance begins to change, since from this week the wrinkles on his skin will begin to be erased thanks to the storage of subcutaneous fat, also known as vernix caseosa. Thebones They are already developed, but they are still soft and flexible. To give them firmness, the baby begins to store iron, calcium and phosphorus.
At digestive system, the liver, stomach and intestine are gradually assuming their functions. The baby can already differentiate between sweet and salty flavors. At respiratory system, the number of respiratory bronchioles and alveoli continues to increase, but if the 30th week of pregnancy is characterized by something, it is by the maturation of the baby's nervous system. With regard to his sense of hearing, the baby begins to hear better low-frequency sounds, such as the mother's heartbeat. He has eyebrows, eyelashes, and opens and closes his eyes. The diameter of their head is still greater than that of their abdomen, which is why premature children tend to have a disproportionate head in relation to the rest of the body. These diameters are usually reversed around the 35th week of pregnancy.
In the gynecologist's office you will be able to hear your baby's heartbeat. You will be surprised by its very fast pace, much higher than that of adults. The heart rate of a fetus ranges from 120 to 160 beats per minute, which means it is twice the heart rate of adults.
Edema can cause weakness, numbness, tingling and even carpal tunnel syndrome in the hands and are due to increased water retention in the tissues and decreased venous return due to the compression that the uterus exerts on blood vessels.
To avoid edema follow these recommendations: wear comfortable clothing that does not oppress; avoid the use of socks or stockings that produce local compression in the legs; do not wear rings on your fingers; rest with your legs elevated; rest your hands on a pillow so that they are higher than your arms; sleeps on your side to promote venous return; exercise regularly; do circulatory exercises with your feet and rest periodically.
You will find yourself more restless and nervous as your due date approaches. Avoid feeling stress or anxiety because it can negatively affect your baby's neural development. Breathing and relaxation exercises will help you calm down.
It is convenient to eat a soft diet to reduce abdominal discomfort caused by heartburn and heartburn. The increase in the size of the uterus moves the intestine and stomach upwards, favoring the passage of gastric juices from the stomach to the esophagus. Because of this, you may feel a burning sensation in your esophagus.
To mitigate these annoying effects, it is advisable to eat five small meals a day, so that digestions are light. At mealtime, sit down and take the time to eat quietly. Chew your food well. Avoid fats, spices, and spices. Cook roasted, boiled, or steamed foods. Limit the consumption of fried foods. Put one more pillow on the bed so that when you lie down you are a little upright. If discomfort persists, your doctor may prescribe antacids.
Maintaining an optimal level of physical activity is important for all pregnant women. Women practiced sports habitually Before becoming pregnant they can continue, excluding violent or competitive sports, sudden movements, jumping, excessive flexion of the joints and body impacts. Women not used to exercise can walk, swim, do yoga or Tai Chi, with the aim of keeping the body toned and preventing muscle stiffness.
During exercise, it is normal to experience an increase in heart rate and if this sign is accompanied by respiratory distress, it is advisable to decrease the intensity of the activity in question.
It is time to start the childbirth preparation courses. It is advisable that you ask the midwife of your health center, since she is the one who gives the courses, to which it is advisable that you go with your partner.
You can read more articles similar to 30 weeks pregnant, in the category of Stages of pregnancy on site.