Why should we be concerned about the spread of polio

Why should we be concerned about the spread of polio

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I perfectly remember the image of that man in his fifties whom some children called 'the lame one' at school. One of his legs was shorter and needed to walk a shoe with a height of about 8 centimeters. Then my mother he told me that he had had the polio when I was little. Polio? what sickness is that? From then on I was not afraid of vaccine. I understood that it was essential to avoid diseases that leave sequelae for life.

In Spain polio was considered eradicated in 2002 (the last outbreak in our country affected children between 1950 and 1964). In most countries there is no case of this disease. However, the who (World Health Organization) warns about the increase in countries that have seen an increase in cases of polio. And fear comes again, aware that in our world the borders are invisible and diseases are spreading rapidly everywhere.

The poliomyelitis It is a disease viral, which is contagious and affects the nervous system. It's very serious. It can cause partial paralysis within hours and lead to death. There is no cure, but it can be prevented. And the way to do it is through vaccine. It is effective and has two versions: one by injection and the other, oral. The vaccine prevents the poliovirus attack on the nervous system. The problem is that many countries reject vaccination campaigns and in this way contribute to the disease spread.

Symptoms of poliomyelitis At first they are confused with those of a flu or other viral disease: fever, general discomfort or even vomiting or diarrhea. But unfortunately, in most cases, the polio attack the Central Nervous System, affecting the motor neurons, which will cause the muscles in the lower extremities (legs) to atrophy, stop growing, or cause a malformation.

We must write down very well in the child's medical book when we should go to the pediatrician for the revision. In this case, the polio vaccine is given in a first dose at two months, a second at four months. The third dose, at six months and a booster dose at 18 months.

Strangely enough, even today in countries likeSpain there are parents who refuse to vaccinate their children (5%), without understanding that the future health of their children and of ours, it is also in your hands.

You can read more articles similar to Why should we be concerned about the spread of polio, in the category of Childhood Illnesses on site.

Video: 3. Securing a Polio-free World: Stopping all Polioviruses (June 2022).